INDOOR AIR QUALITY UK

 

 

admin@iaquk.org.uk

www.iaquk.org.uk

Twitter

IAQ UK is an independent organisation with the aim of 'raising the agenda of indoor air quality within the home and workplace'

IAQUK Resources - Risk & Safety Phrases

header.jpgAAA1_6248.jpg

The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002 (CHIP3) implement a number of European Directives which have as a principal objective the protection of humans and the environment from the harmful effects of chemicals. This is achieved by the provision of information by suppliers to users, mainly in the form of warning labels and (for those at work) safety data sheets.

 

Safety data sheets contain codes for "Safety Phrases", shown as S1, S17, etc. and “Risk Phrases”, R1, R2,  etc.


Risk Phrases

 

R1

Explosive when dry

R2

Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition

R3

Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition

R4

Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds

R5

Heating may cause an explosion

R6

Explosive with or without contact with air

R7

May cause fire

R8

Contact with combustible material may cause fire

R9

Explosive when mixed with combustible material

R10

Flammable

R11

Highly flammable

R12

Extremely flammable

R14

Reacts violently with water

R14/15

Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases

R15

Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases

R15/29

Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gases

R16

Explosive when mixed with oxidising substances

R17

Spontaneously flammable in air

R18

In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture

R19

May form explosive peroxides

R20

Harmful by inhalation

R20/21

Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin

R20/21/22

Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R20/22

Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed

R21

Harmful in contact with skin

R21/22

Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed

R22

Harmful if swallowed

R23

Toxic by inhalation

R23/24

Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin

R23/24/25

Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R23/25

Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed

R24

Toxic in contact with skin

R24/25

Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed

R25

Toxic if swallowed

R26

Very toxic by inhalation

R26/27

Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin

R26/27/28

Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R26/28

Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed

R27

Very toxic in contact with skin

R27/28

Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed

R28

Very toxic if swallowed

R30

Can become highly flammable in use

R31

Contact with acids liberates toxic gas

R32

Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas

R33

Danger of cumulative effects

R34

Causes burns

R35

Causes severe burns

R36

Irritating to eyes

R36/37

Irritating to eyes and respiratory system

R36/37/38

Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin

R36/38

Irritating to eyes and skin

R37

Irritating to respiratory system

R37/38

Irritating to respiratory system and skin

R38

Irritating to skin

R39

Danger of very serious irreversible effects

R39/23

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation

R39/23/24

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

R39/23/24/25

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/23/25

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

R39/24

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin

R39/24/25

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/25

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed

R39/26

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation

R39/26/27

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

R39/26/27/28

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/26/28

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

R39/27

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin

R39/27/28

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/28

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed

R40

Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect

R41

Risk of serious damage to eyes

R42

May cause sensitisation by inhalation

R43

May cause sensitisation by skin contact

R42/43

May cause sensitisation by inhalation and skin contact

R44

Risk of explosion if heated under confinement

R45

May cause cancer

R46

May cause heritable genetic damage

R48

Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure

R48/20

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation

R48/20/21

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin

R48/20/21/22

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/20/22

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed

R48/21

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin

R48/21/22

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/22

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed

R48/23

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation

R48/23/24

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin

R48/23/24/25

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/23/25

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed

R48/24

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin

R48/24/25

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/25

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed

R49

May cause cancer by inhalation

R50

Very toxic to aquatic organisms

R50/53

Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R51

Toxic to aquatic organisms

R51/53

Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R52

Harmful to aquatic organisms

R52/53

Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R53

May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R54

Toxic to flora

R55

Toxic to fauna

R56

Toxic to soil organisms

R57

Toxic to bees

R58

May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment

R59

Dangerous for the ozone layer

R60

May impair fertility

R61

May cause harm to the unborn child

R62

Possible risk of impaired fertility

R63

Possible risk of harm to the unborn child

R64

May cause harm to breast-fed babies

R65

Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed

R66

Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking

R67

Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness

R68

Possible risk of irreversible effects

R68/20

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation

R68/20/21

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

R68/20/21/22

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R68/20/22

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

R68/21

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin

R68/21/22

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

R68/22

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed

 

Safety Phrases

 

S1

Keep locked up

S(1/2)

Keep locked up and out of reach of children

S2

Keep out of the reach of children

S3

Keep in a cool place

S3/7

Keep container tightly closed in a cool place

S3/7/9

Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place

S3/9/14

Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)

S3/9/14/49

Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)

S3/9/49

Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place

S3/14

Keep in a cool place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)

S4

Keep away from living quarters

S5

Keep contents under ... (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer)

S6

Keep under ... (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer)

S7

Keep container tightly closed

S7/8

Keep container tightly closed and dry

S7/9

Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place

S7/47

Keep container tightly closed and at temperature not exceeding ... OC (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S8

Keep container dry

S9

Keep container in a well-ventilated place

S12

Do not keep the container sealed

S13

Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs

S14

Keep away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)

S15

Keep away from heat

S16

Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking

S17

Keep away from combustible material

S18

Handle and open container with care

S20

When using do not eat or drink

S20/21

When using do not eat, drink or smoke

S21

When using do not smoke

S22

Do not breathe dust

S23

Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer)

S24

Avoid contact with skin

S24/25

Avoid contact with skin and eyes

S25

Avoid contact with eyes

S26

In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice

S27

Take off immediately all contaminated clothing

S27/28

After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S28

After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S29

Do not empty into drains

S29/35

Do not empty into drains; dispose of this material and its container in a safe way

S29/56

Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its container at hazardous or special waste collection point

S30

Never add water to this product

S33

Take precautionary measures against static discharges

S35

This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way

S36

Wear suitable protective clothing

S36/37

Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves

S36/37/39

Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection

S36/39

Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection

S37

Wear suitable gloves

S37/39

Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection

S38

In case of insufficient ventilation wear suitable respiratory equipment

S39

Wear eye/face protection

S40

To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material use ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S41

In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes

S42

During fumigation/spraying wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer)

S43

In case of fire use ... (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk add - Never use water)

S45

In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible)

S46

If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label

S47

Keep at temperature not exceeding ... OC (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S47/49

Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding ... OC (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S48

Keep wet with ... (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer)

S49

Keep only in the original container

S50

Do not mix with ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)

S51

Use only in well-ventilated areas

S52

Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas

S53

Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use

S56

Dispose of this material and its container at hazardous or special waste collection point

S57

Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination

S59

Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling

S60

This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste

S61

Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet

S62

If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label

S63

In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest

S64

If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious)